A Masterpiece of Nature
Fauna of Peru
Machu Picchu is a sanctuary that fosters culture and nature. Regarded as a masterpiece in architecture and engineering, Machu Picchu was declared one of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World in 2007. It was also declared the Best Green Destination in the World by the World Travel Awards (WTA) in 2012, recognizing the impressive empire built in the Peruvian Andes' extreme nature.
In addition to containing archaeological remains built by the Inca empire in the mid-1400s, The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is the habitat of an impressive number of animal species. With more than 32,592 hectares of beautiful landscapes, it is home to an enormous diversity of wildlife and plants. Up to 13 life zones can be found in Machu Picchu, making it the perfect environment for unique biodiversity. Machu Picchu's location is one of the most critical factors that allows many diverse ecosystems. Remember that this includes the entire section of the Inca Trail that connects Cusco with Quillabamba and is surrounded by the Salcantay and Veronica snow-capped mountains. The Tropical and the subtropical moist broadleaf forest has brought to life various insects, birds, and mammals.
If you are looking for things to do in Machu Picchu, get to know a few of the animals that can cross your path in your adventure. Also, Check out our excellent hotel in Aguas Calientes, Casa del Sol. (https://www.casadelsolhotels.com)
“Gallito de Las Rocas” - Cock of the Rocks - (Rupicola peruvianus)
The Cock of the Rocks is Peru's national bird. The male's plumage is bright red or orange, and it has a fan-shaped crest. On the other hand, the female is brown with a smaller crest. Their diet is essentially based on wild fruits because almost 50% of the Amazonian vegetation produces fruits as a method of propagation, making it the principal diet of many birds.
“Oso andino / Oso de Anteojos” – Spectacled Bear - (Tremarctos ornatus)
The spectacled bear is The spectacled bear is the only species of bear in South America, and it is endemic to the Tropical Andes. It lives mainly in humid and cloud forests on the Andean slopes of Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador. Also known as the Ukuku (Quechua), this bear is an important part of Andean and Amazonian worldviews. They are considered mediators between the World of the living and the World of the dead. For the indigenous Matsiguenga people, the spectacled bear is viewed as the creator of life. Sadly, this species is highly endangered due to habitat fragmentation.
“Condor Andino” – Andean Condor – (Vultur gryphus)
The Andean Condor is one of the largest birds in the world capable of flying. Due to its heavy wings that can way up to 33 pounds (15 kilos), these birds prefer to live in windy areas where they currents with minimal effort. They have been seen in Machu Picchu's ruins and on the highest point in the Inca Trail.
“Colibrí gigante” - Giant hummingbird - (Patagona gigas)
The Giant Hummingbird is the largest species of hummingbird in the World. This hummingbird only appears between 2000 – 4300 meters (6,500-14,100 feet) above sea level in the Andes of South America. It easily recognizable along the Inca trail route due to its large size and its light brown color.
“Camelidos” - Camelids
IIn South America, there are four types of camelids: Vicuñas, llamas, Alpacas, and guanacos. All of which are found in Peru. One can find them commonly in the city of Cusco, in the plains of the citadel, and across the Andes. Many restaurants and hotels in Cusco may have them for display while they enjoy their natural environment!