Cusco and the Incas: A wonder of the world compared to Babylon

cusco wonder of the world

 

Cusco, the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, is one of the most fascinating destinations in the world. Its history, culture and architecture rival those of great ancient civilizations such as Babylon. In this article, we will explore the similarities and differences between these two wonders of the world, and how the legacy of the Incas continues to captivate travelers today.

History, origin of Cusco and Babylon

Cusco and Babylon, two cities separated by thousands of kilometers and years, have in common their crucial role in the development of their respective civilizations.

The origin of Cusco

Cusco, known as the "Navel of the World" by the Incas, was founded around the 12th century. According to legend, it was created by Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, children of the Sun god, who emerged from Lake Titicaca to found the city.

The founding of Babylon

Babylon, for its part, was built in Mesopotamia, in what is now Iraq, around 1894 BC. It was one of the most important cities of the ancient world, known for its impressive hanging gardens, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Architecture and monuments

The architecture of Cusco and Babylon reflects the greatness and abilities of their people.

Machu Picchu: The Citadel of the Incas

Machu Picchu is the most emblematic monument of the Incas. Built in the 15th century, this citadel high in the Andes is a masterpiece of engineering and architecture that has endured through the centuries.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Babylon is famous for its Hanging Gardens, an architectural marvel that, according to legend, was built by King Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife Amytis. Although its existence has not been confirmed archaeologically, its legend lives on in history.

Culture and society

The culture and society of Cusco and Babylon have unique and fascinating aspects.

The Inca society

Inca society was highly organized, with a strict hierarchy and an economy based on agriculture and exchange. The Incas worshiped numerous gods, the most important being Inti, the Sun god.

Babylonian culture

The Babylonians, on the other hand, were known for their advanced system of laws, such as the Code of Hammurabi, and their contribution to astronomy and mathematics. Their religion was polytheistic, with gods such as Marduk and Ishtar occupying central places in their pantheon.

Legacy and tourism

Both civilizations have left a lasting legacy that attracts millions of tourists every year.

Tourism in Cusco

Cusco is the gateway to Machu Picchu and other Inca archaeological sites. The city itself is a living museum, with its cobblestone streets, colonial buildings and remains of Inca constructions.

The legacy of Babylon

Babylon, although less accessible today, remains a symbol of the greatness of the past. The ruins of the city and the remains of its monuments continue to attract historians and archaeologists from around the world.

Cusco and Babylon, although separated by time and space, share a greatness and a legacy that continues to impact the modern world. The Inca civilization, with its impressive architecture and rich culture, has nothing to envy of ancient Babylon.

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